TAN-A-tok elements and attributes summarized

The element align declares one or more groups of words that should be aligned with each other. <align> specifies that all the tokens invoked for one source collectively align with the tokens in the other.

Formal Definition

   (~inclusion | 
      (~alignment-attributes-non-class-2, ~certainty-stamp, @group?, (<comment>* & (<tok> | ~tok-sequence)+)))

Used by: ~item

[Important]Important

A defective reference is a value of @ref that corresponds to a <div> in some but not all sources in a work. If a defective reference is used, a warning will be reported, identifying the sources that lack the appropriate <div>.

[Caution]Caution

No <div> that is a member of a complex realignment may be used to align all members of a work (@src should be used instead of @work)

[Caution]Caution

A <tok> may not duplicate any sibling <tok>.


The element bitext-relation identifies how the text on one text-bearing object relates to that on another by specifying a relationship, e.g., B is a direct copy of A, B and A descent from a commont parent, etc. See the section called “Token-Based Alignments (<TAN-A-tok>)” for theoretical background.

In most cases, there will be need for only one of these elements. But multiple values may be helpful for cases where a bitext has a complex history, for example, a textual object that was created over time, and in different phases.

This element should not be used to describe any activities (e.g., translation, copying), reserved for <reuse-type>.

For examples see main.xml# keywords-bitext-relation

Formal Definition
~decl-pattern-default

Used by: ~declaration-items




The element reuse-type identifies a category of text reuse (e.g., translation, mistranslation, paraphrase, ridicule). See the section called “Token-Based Alignments (<TAN-A-tok>)” for theoretical background.

For examples see main.xml# keywords-reuse-type

Formal Definition
~decl-pattern-default




The element TAN-A-tok specifies that the file is a token-based TAN alignment file. Root element.

Formal Definition
~TAN-root
[Important]Important

Every validated TAN file will include the following message at its root. This version of TAN is unstable and unpublished. Use it at your own risk.




The attribute bitext-relation points to one or more <bitext-relation> @xml:id values that qualify the type of relation that holds. Multiple values assume inclusive or (A or B or A and B)

This attribute is inheritable. See the section called “Interpretation of inheritable attributes”

Formal Definition

Used by: ~other-body-attributes, ~alignment-attributes-non-class-2

[Caution]Caution

Every idref in an attribute must point to the @xml:id value of the appropriate corresponding element.

[Caution]Caution

All idrefs in an attribute must be unique.




The attribute reuse-type points to one or more <reuse-type> @xml:id values that qualify the type of textual reuse that holds. Multiple values assume inclusive or (A or B or A and B)

This attribute is inheritable. See the section called “Interpretation of inheritable attributes”

Formal Definition

Used by: ~other-body-attributes, ~alignment-attributes-non-class-2

[Caution]Caution

Every idref in an attribute must point to the @xml:id value of the appropriate corresponding element.

[Caution]Caution

All idrefs in an attribute must be unique.