The attribute by specifies an amount by which an series of @n values or the last component in a series of @ref values should be incremented or decremented.

Formal Definition


Defined at: TAN-class-2.rng

Used by: ~complex-rename


@by may be applied only to those @n and @ref values that are calculable as integers.

Example 8.9. @by

      <alter src="ger">
         <skip div-type="Gedicht"/>
         <rename n="v" by="-1"/>


Taken from ringoroses.div.1